Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL)
CASEL identifies five social and emotional competencies, which are composed of multiple skills and abilities:
- Self-awareness is the ability to recognize one's own feelings, interests, strengths, and limitations
- Self-management refers to when individuals regulate emotions and manage daily stressors
- Social awareness refers to perspective taking and to appreciate similarities and differences
- Relationship skills are when individuals exhibit prosocial behavior and demonstrate positive social skills in order to develop meaningful relationships
- Responsible decision making refers to when individuals make ethical decisions, and strengthen the ability to develop appropriate solutions to identified problems
- Research demonstrates that when students participate in activities that focus on these competencies, student prosocial behavior improves, students decrease in their participation of negative behaviors, and students improve in their academic achievement.